CHEM 1405

Introduction to Chemistry

Course Objectives

 

This is a list of topics to be taught in Introduction to Chemistry. It does not reflect the order in which the topics need be taught.

 

I. Introduction to Chemistry

 

II. Matter and Energy

            a. Matter, Macroscopic, Microscopic and Particulate

            b. States of Matter: Solid, Liquid and Gas

            c. Elements, Compounds and Mixtures

            d. Energy: Kinetic and Potential Energy, Endo- and Exothermic Processes

            e. Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes

            f. Conservation Laws

 

III. Measurement and Chemical Calculations

            a. Scientific Notation

            b. Significant Digits

            c. SI Units

            d. Conversions

            e. Density

 

IV. Atomic Theory

            a. Atomic Theories (Dalton, Nuclear Atom, Bohr, some Quantum)

            b. Isotopes and Atomic Mass

            c. Electron Configuration

            d. Trends in the Periodic Table

 

V. Chemical Bonding

            a. Noble Gas Configuration of Ions

            b. Ionic Bonds

            c. Covalent Bonds

            d. Valence Electrons

            e. Lewis Dot Structures and the Octet Rule

            f. Molecular Geometries, through Tetrahedral (hybridizations not included)

 

VI. Chemical Nomenclature

            a. Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds

            b. Nomenclature of Acids

            c. Nomenclature of Covalent Compounds

 

 

 

 

VII. Chemical Formula Problems

            a. Molecular Mass and Formula Mass

            b. The Mole

            c. Molar Mass

            d. Conversion between Units

            e. Percent Composition

            f. Empirical and Molecular Formulas

 

VIII. Reactions and Chemical Equations

            a. Balancing Chemical Equations

            b. Reaction Types (acid-base, single and double replacement, combination,

decomposition, and combustion)

            c. Molecular, Total and Net Ionic Equations

           

IX. Stoichiometry of Balanced Chemical Equations

            a. Mole Relations from a Balanced Chemical Equation

            b. Mass Calculations

            c. Limiting Reactants

            d. Percent Yield

 

X. Gas Laws

            a. Explanation of Pressure

            b. Boyle's Law

            c. Charles' Law

            d. Combined Gas Law

            e. Ideal Gas Law

 

XI. Solutions

            a. Molarity Calculations

            b. Dilution of Solutions

 

 

Any other topic the instructor wishes to teach is optional and in addition to the information presented above.