Objectives for CHEM 1411

General Chemistry I

 

This is a list of topics to be taught in General Chemistry I. It does not reflect the order in which the topic need be taught.

 

The Foundation of Chemistry

Matter and Energy-Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Measurements

Significant Figures

Metric System

Scientific Notation

Dimensional Analysis

 

Chemical Formulas and Stoichiometry

Atoms, Ions, Molecules and Compounds

Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds

The Mole Concept

Percent Composition

Empirical Formula

Molecular Formula

 

Chemical Equations and Reaction Stoichiometry

Balancing of Chemical Equations

Calculations Based on Chemical Equations-moles/masses of reactants/products

Limiting Reagent Calculations

Percent Yield and Theoretical Yield Calculations

Sequential Reactions

Concentration of Solutions-Calculations Involving Mass % and Molarity

Dilution of Solutions: Calculations Involving V1M1=V2M2

Calculations Involving Solution Stoichiometry

 

Chemical Reactions

Organization of the Periodic Table

Aqueous Solutions-Strong and Weak Electrolytes

Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Oxidation Numbers

 

The Structure of the Atom

Experiments that led to the discovery of the fundamental particles of the atom

Subatomic Particles, Isotopes, Atomic Weight

Development of Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

Electronic Configuration and the Relationship to the Periodic Table

Orbital Diagrams

Quantum Numbers

Chemical Periodicity

 

Theory of Ionic and Covalent Bonding

Lewis Dot Formulas of Atoms

Formation of Binary Ionic Compounds-Coulombís Law, Lattice Energy

Formation of Covalent Compounds

Lewis Structures for Molecules and Polyatomic Ions and the Octet Rule

Resonance and Formal Charges

Exceptions to the Octet Rule for Lewis Structures

Polar and Nonpolar Covalent Bonds

 

Molecular Structure

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR)

Electronic and Molecular Geometry and Molecular Dipole Moments

Valence Bond Theory and Hybridization of Orbitals

Molecular Orbital Theory

 

Gases

Gas Laws and Ideal Gas Law

Density and Molar Mass

Stoichiometry of Reactions Involving Gases

Kinetic Molecular Theory-Molecular Speeds

Real Gases

 

Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Attractions and Phase Changes

Physical Processes and Properties of Liquids

Melting Point/Boiling Point

Phase Changes of Matter and Phase Diagrams

Molar Heat of Vaporization and Molar Heat of Fusion

 

Solutions

Dissolution Process for Solids, Liquids and Gases

Factors Affecting Solubility

Saturated, Unsaturated and Supersaturated Solutions

Other Units of Concentration

Colligative Properties

††††††††††† 1.Vapor Pressure Lowering

††††††††††† 2.Boiling Point Elevation

††††††††††† 3.Freezing Point Depression

††††††††††† 4.Osmotic Pressure

 

Any other topic the instructor wishes to teach is optional and in addition to the information presented above.